- Anything that is connected to the internet
- Any device with the capability of connecting to the internet
- Web- enabled devices that gather and share information they acquired using communication hardware
- Every physical object being connected to the internet
Simply imagine your smartphone talking to your smart tv, or controlling your lights using your phone. Most people think about being as connected in terms of computers, tablets and phones.
The term Internet of things or IoT encompasses every thing with automated system capable of gathering information to help someone with a particular task. This includes lamps, wearable devices such as headphones and almost anything you can think of. IoT allows any devices in a private network to communicate with each other. It gives the opportunity for devices to communicate across different networking platforms and results to a much more connected world. By 2020, huge quantity of devices will be connected to the internet amounting to 26 billion devices. It will be a giant network of things; one big connected information system.
History and its outgrowth
The term “Internet of Things” was first coined by Kevin Ashton in 1999 during his presentation to Procter & Gamble, wanting to bring radio frequency ID (RFID) to the attention of P&G’s senior management.
Since the development of connected devices, the IoT has evolved into a world-wide phenoma. The idea of MIT Professor Neil Gershenfeld’s book, “When Things Start to Think” came into life. The actual idea of connected devices had been around since 70s, and was often called “embedded internet” or “pervasive computing”.
The interesting idea of connected devices using Ashton’s-RFID technology was similar to today’s IoT which relies primarily on IP networking, however, the RFID has limited functionality.
In June 2000, the world’s first Internet-connected refrigerator LG Internet Digital DIOS had appeared with a LAN port for IP connectivity since it was developed on 1997 (before Ashton introduced the term on 1999).
The IPSO Alliance saw the value of connected objects for more real-world applications. In 2008, they formed a collaboration of industry partners interested in connected devices for the implementation and production of IoT.
Later on, the term Internet of Things was popularized till 2010 when China announced it would make the internet of things a priority in their five (5) year plan.
The First Industrial Revolution was recorded in the 18th Century. It is the application of steam power and mechanization of production in different types of work. The ability of steam to power machines was the greatest breakthrough for increasing human productivity.
In the 19th Century, the Second Industrial revolution was started through the discovery of electricity and assembly line production. Electricity became the primary source of power. Henry Ford find the idea of conveyor belt processing; those principles lead into automobile production. This resulted to massive and fast production of automobiles at lower costs. Later on, it was adopted and manufacturing principles where further enhanced for increased efficiency and improved their quality and output.
In the last few decades of the 20th century (1970s), the 3rd Industrial revolution began. The invention of electronics (integrated circuit chips), thereafter, made it possible for manufacturers to partially automate their production. Computers have the ability to schedule and track the operation of a company. This formally resulted to the concept of supply chain management.
In the 21st century, 4th Industrial Revolution has begun. The development of 3rd industrial evolution resulted to the idea of machine to machine communication, inter-connected devices and cutting-edge technologies. From programmable chips and computers to artificial intelligence, robotics, advance materials, augmented reality and cognitive technologies.
The implementation of information and communication technologies to industry are expanded by a network of connection. These allow communication with other facilities.
Industry 4.0 is the real big thing nowadays. The rapid development of technology and its impact to business and enterprises might result to a fully-automated production, without any human assistance and intervention.